The immune system plays a critical role in the human body, helping to protect the body from infectious organisms and other foreign invaders. It relies on a complex system of cells and proteins which prevent infections and diseases from causing damage.
Scientists have made some incredible breakthroughs in the field of stem cell research in the past few decades. These breakthroughs have resulted in stem cells being used to treat more than 80 different diseases, including many forms of cancer, immune system disorders, metabolic disorders, and blood disorders.
According to figures from the World Health Organisation, up to one billion people currently suffer from a neurological disorder of some type. This is approximately 1 in 6 of the world’s population. The WHO also reports that as many as 6.8 million people die due to a neurological condition each year.
Neurological disorders include a range of diseases and injuries that that affect the brain, spine, and nerves that connect them. Medical researchers have identified more than 600 different neurological disorders ranging from common conditions like stroke, Parkinson’s disease and brain tumours through to less common ailments like frontotemporal dementia.
This post has been originally published in May 2017 and has been completely revamped and updated for accuracy and comprehensiveness.
Umbilical cord blood is the blood found in a newborn baby’s umbilical cord. Expecting parents have the once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to collect and preserve the umbilical cord blood for many years. This collection and preservation method is called cord blood banking – where after the birth of the baby, when the umbilical cord is clamped and cut – the remaining cord blood is collected and sent to a private cord blood bank laboratory for testing, processing and storage in liquid nitrogen tanks for years, until needed for transplant.
Alzheimer’s disease is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases in the world. There are already more than 47 million people living with Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia — a figure that is expected to increase in the coming years.
There are many potential treatments for Alzheimer’s that are currently being explored, many of which use umbilical cord stem cells. This article will provide you with some information on Alzheimer’s disease the research that uses umbilical cord stem cells to treat this condition.
Stem cell transplants are designed to replace the patient’s unhealthy cells with healthy ones. The most common sources of these healthy cells are the umbilical cord blood and bone marrow.
Cord blood refers to the blood that is collected from an infant's umbilical cord after delivery, so that it may be tested, frozen, and subsequently stored cord blood bank for future use. The cord blood contains unique stem cells that can potentially treat more than 80 medical conditions.
The bone marrow, on the other hand, is extracted from the breastbone, skull, hips, ribs or spine, as these contain stem cells which produce the following types of blood cells:
Welcome to the final part of our four-part series on blood cancer, written for Blood Cancer Awareness Month. This article will take a closer look at how cord blood stem cells are used to treat blood cancers.
Traditionally, doctors would discard the umbilical cord after a mother has given birth. They saw no value in this material and would simply throw it into the bin.
This has all changed thanks to the discovery of powerful stem cells in umbilical cord blood and tissue. Stem cells are the building blocks of the human body. They are powerful cells that can change into other types of cells including red blood cells, immune cells, bone cells, and heart cells.
Researchers continue to discover new applications for the stem cells found in umbilical cord blood. Some of these discoveries have the potential to completely change how many common illnesses are treated. This article will highlight 5 very promising cord blood trials and their future benefits.
Stem cell research has progressed at a rapid pace in the past few decades. Scientists have discovered that umbilical cord blood is a particularly rich source of stem cells and that cord blood can be used to treat many conditions. To give you an understanding of the capabilities of cord blood stem cells, this article will take a look at the history of cord blood and how it might be used in the future.