A Brief History of Stem Cell Research

The discovery of stem cells dates back to the early years of the twentieth century. European scientists identified that all of the many types of blood cell begin life as haematopoietic stem cells. However, it wasn’t until 1963 and the discovery of the self-renewing activities of these cells that scientists and clinicians seized upon their full therapeutic potential.

The last fifty years have seen stem cell research develop at a rapid pace, with highly successful therapies already available for many haematological, metabolic, oncologic and genetic diseases.

Class of Disease
UCB Stem Cell Type
Used in Therapy/Research for


Mesenchymal and haematopoietic stem cells

Diabetes, glycogen storage disease (GSD), Phenylketonuria, liver disease, Tay-Sachs disease, Hunter’s Syndrome


Haematopoietic stem cells

Various leukaemias, lymphomas, cancers


Mesenchymal stem cells

Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Crohn’s Disease, Lupus, Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), chronic granulomatous disease


Mesenchymal and haematopoietic stem cells

Sickle cell anaemia, Thalassaemia, Fanconi’s anaemia


A Brief History of Stem Cell Research (A Timeline of Significant Events)

History of Stem Cell Research Infographic

Download Latest Clinical Report for Stem Cell Therapies

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